SETH (Heb. שֵׁת), antediluvian patriarch, son of Adam and Eve. The Bible has preserved two different traditions regarding Seth. In one Seth is the third son of Adam and Eve, born to them after the murder of Abel (Gen. 4:25 (J). His name is said to derive from the fact that God "provided" (shat) another son to replace Abel. In the genealogy of Adam, however, Cain and Abel are not mentioned, the implication being according to some exegetes that Seth was Adam's first son (5:3 (P); cf. I Chron. 1:1). This source also furnishes the information that Seth lived to the age of 912 years and that his eldest son was Enosh, who was born when Seth was 105 (Gen. 5:6–8). In the Aggadah Seth was born circumcised (ARN2; Mid. Ps. 9:7), and he inherited the garments which God Himself had made for Adam (Num. R. 4:8). His nature is reflected in the fact that "the generations of man" end with Seth and his son, Enosh (Gen. 4:26). They were the last human beings to be created solely in the image of God; after their death centaurs began to appear (Gen. R. 23:6). Seth is also associated with the messianic era. The future generations of the righteous will be the descendants of Seth (PdRE 22), who will himself be one of the "seven shepherds" counseling the Messiah after the resurrection of the dead (cf. Micah 5:4; Suk. 52b). In Islam Seth (Arabic Shith) is not mentioned in the koran , but he does appear in post-Koranic literature, where the meaning of the name is given as "a present from Allah" (cf. Gen. 4:25). All the survivors of the Flood are his descendants and as a result all the Arab genealogists trace the descent of mankind from him. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: See Commentaries to Genesis, ch. 5. IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, index; I. Ḥasida, Ishei ha-Tanakh (1964), 429–30. (HaÏm Z' ew Hirschberg)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Seth — Seth1 [seth] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec) Sēth < Heb shet, lit., appointed < shat, to put] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible the third son of Adam: Gen. 4:25 Seth2 [sāt] n. var. of SET …   English World dictionary

  • Seth — Seth, prop. n. (Egyptian Mythology) An evil beast headed god with high square ears and a long snout; his was the brother and murderer of Osiris. Called also {Set} [WordNet 1.6] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seth — dieu égyptien du Mal et des Ténèbres, frère d Osiris, qu il assassina. Seth personnage biblique, troisième fils d Adam et d éve (Genèse, IV, 25) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Seth — (d.i. der Gesetzte, Ersatzmann), dritter Sohn Adams, welchen Eva nach dem Tode Abels u. dem Abfall Kains gebar u. welcher 912 Jahre alt geworden sein soll. Die Secte der Sethianer (s.d.) hielten S. für den Sohn eines weiblichen Äon, geschaffen an …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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